Writing your upcoming final paper

Resources available to students:

Writing Lab: There is an all-day Writing & Language Lab run in the Library every day from 11:30-4:30. Any student who needs assistance with a reading or writing assignment is encouraged to drop-in or make an appointment with the instructor (Tehmin Sadiq).

Writing & Referencing Guide IVS

Purdue University’s online writing lab

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Narmeen Farooqui Assignment 2.

Opened: January 21, 2012

Closed: April 1, 2012

Location: In the Bartels Gallery, Floor 1L, and the Moak, Class of 1953, Schaenen, Opatrny, and wing galleries, Floor 2L

The exhibition is part of an ongoing project initiated in 2005 by Green Cardamom, a London-based nonprofit arts organization.

Artists who represented: Bani Abidi, Francis Alÿs, Sarnath Banerjee, Farida Batool, Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin, Muhanned Cader, Duncan Campbell, Iftikhar Dadi, DAAR, Anita Dube, Taghreed Elsanhouri, Sophie Ernst, Gauri Gill, Shilpa Gupta, Zarina Hashmi, Emily Jacir, Ahsan Jamal, Nadia Kaabi-Linke, Amar Kanwar, Noa Lidor, Mario Mabor, Nalini Malani, Naeem Mohaiemen, Tom Molloy, Rashid Rana, Raqs Media Collective, Jolene Rickard, Hrair Sarkissian, Seher Shah, Surekha, Hajra Waheed, Young-Hae Chang Heavy Industries, and Muhammad Zeeshan.

Curator:  This exhibition is co-curated by Hammad Nasar (curator and co-founder of Green Cardamom) and Iftikhar Dadi (Associate Professor of Art History and Department Chair Art at Cornell University).

Line of control: the exhibition is about Partition as a Productive Space investigates the historic upheaval of the 1947 partition of India that spawned the nations of Pakistan and later Bangladesh.

  • Not only that it also addresses physical and psychological borders, trauma, and the reconfiguration of memory in other partitioned areas: North and South Korea, Sudan and South Sudan, Israel and Palestine, Ireland and Northern Ireland, Armenia and its diaspora, and questions of indigenous sovereignty in the United States
  • It shows how living within and across these partition lines can be a messy, bloody business but also offers a productive space where new nations, identities, languages, and relationships emerge.
  • The exhibition explores the products and remainders of partition and borders characteristic of the modern nation-state, and includes the continued impact of colonization, the physical and psychic violence of displacement, dilemmas of identity and belonging, and questions of commemoration.
  • More than forty works of video, prints, photographs, paintings, sculpture, and installation by international artists delve into the past and explore the present to expose the seductive simplicity of drawing lines as a substitute for learning how to live with each other.

http://museum.cornell.edu/exhibitions/view/lines-of-control.html

http://nasher.duke.edu/exhibitions/lines-of-control/

Sophie Ernst

 Home: Gulzar 2008-11

HOME is a major ongoing project confronting political turmoil and displacement with individual memories of home and ideal places. Ernst interviews people forced to leave their homes due to political upheaval, such as during the Partition of South Asia in 1947, and builds an architectural model of the houses they describe. She then projects onto this sculpture video footage of the person’s hands as they describe their memory of that building, transforming the inanimate object into a virtually inhabited space, and ascribing a profound intimacy.

It is said by Eliza Williams, Frieze Magazine that “The most affecting work in ‘Lines of Control’ is a piece by the Berlin-based artist Sophie Ernst, which addresses displacement through interviews with people who lived through it.”

Sophie says herself that The HOME project examines the opposite situation: peoples talk of places they left at a definite moment in time, but while they remember it, time extends into eternity. I try to translate this transformation into a spatial installation combining imagined or remembered pictures with narrative and a projection “screen”. It is their “recherche du temps perdu” which I have to express in sculptural terms. Although the frame of reference of the interviews is specific to context and people, I don’t want to reduce the work to a historical illustration. The question is: If and how a time-specific personal memory translates into a general image of our past and how this is carried on into the future on a local and global level.”_wsb_345x256_DSC01202 images images-1 se_home_main tn_534_381_berlin-401-contemporary-memento-1

Powerful Illustrations Show Women How To Fight Gender Prejudices

Powerful Illustrations Show Women How To Fight Gender Prejudices 378K views 5 days ago by Laura Lokkie Offensive statements about girls and women are more common than you think. Everyday, females around the world hear rude and abusive words towards them, so Brazilian illustrator Carol Rossetti decided to do everything that was in her hands to change that. The artist created a series of supportive illustrations, called “Women”, that helps motivate women in their struggle against gender prejudices and women discrimination. The on-going project started in May, and Rossetti publishes her work on her blog and Facebook. Although the images were originally created in Portuguese, the popular illustrator got some help in translating them into other languages. The message couldn’t be clearer: girl power! More info: carolrossetti.com.br | Facebook

http://www.boredpanda.com/powerful-illustrations-showing-women-how-to-fight-against-society-prejudices/

Posted by Razin Rubin

zara sochiye – came across this on facebook (Zoila Solomon)

10409529_743372435699072_7662306582386299910boy_n “I can remember speaking to a 12-year-old boy, a football player, and I asked him, ‘How would you feel if, in front of all the players, the coach told you, you were playing like a girl?’ Now I expected him to say that I’d be sad or I’d be mad or I’d be angry or something. No, the boy said to me, ‘It would destroy me.’ And, I said to myself…. if it would destroy him to be called a girl, what are we then teaching him about girls.” — Tony Porter

This quote is from an excellent TED talk by Tony Porter, an educator and activist who is internationally recognized for his efforts to end violence against women. In his talk, “A Call to Men,” Porter explores the social conditioning that he refers to as the “man box,” which can lead men to disrespect, mistreat, and abuse women and each other.

To watch his talk, which is especially timely during October’s Domestic Violence Awareness Month, visithttp://bit.ly/1s4Nqwz. Porter is also the cofounder of A CALL TO MEN: The National Association of Men and Women Committed to Ending Violence Against Women: http://www.acalltomen.org/

At A Mighty Girl, we believe that introducing boys to female role models is an important part of the process of fostering respect for girls and women. To find over 450 true stories of trailblazing women to share with your children, visit our “Role Model” biography collection at http://www.amightygirl.com/books/history-biography/biography

For Mighty Girl books for teen readers (13+) that address issues of abuse and violence and offer a helpful way to spark conversations around this important topic, we recommend “A Step From Heaven” (http://www.amightygirl.com/a-step-from-heaven), “Speak” (http://www.amightygirl.com/speak), “I Hadn’t Meant to Tell You This” (http://www.amightygirl.com/i-hadn-t-meant-to-tell-you-this), and “If You Find Me” (http://www.amightygirl.com/if-you-find-me).

To teach older teens and adults about the warning signs of an abusive relationship and how to get help, a useful resource is “Stop Signs: Recognizing, Avoiding, and Escaping Abusive Relationships” at http://www.amightygirl.com/stop-signs

If you’re a parent concerned that your daughter may be in an unhealthy relationship, check out the books “But I Love Him: Protecting Your Teen Daughter from Controlling, Abusive Relationships” at http://www.amightygirl.com/but-i-love-him and “Saving Beauty From The Beast: How to Protect Your Daughter from an Unhealthy Relationship” at http://www.amightygirl.com/saving-beauty-from-the-beast

HOW IS MALE/FEMALE GAZE IS USED IN CINEMATOGRAPHY -ZAYYANA KAMRAN

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/MaleGaze

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/FemaleGaze

These are small articles that speak about how the shots are framed to over expose female or male parts as per the required audience. One interesting point that interested me was how when the character is showed to be lovable usually face shots are used and to portray the character of negativity, more skin angles are used.

Other small articles that came across under the same link related to this are;

  • Guy on guy is hot
  • Eating the eye candy
  • Lust object
  • bigger is better in bed
  • male frontal nudity
  • right through the pants( this talks about erect penises are rarely depicted on media)

Can Men Be Objectified by Women? – Posted by Jovita Alvares

http://everydayfeminism.com/2014/07/men-objectified-by-women/

Can women objectify men?

July 30, 2014 by

That’s a question that gets asked a lot in feminist circles. And the answer isn’t always easy.
Viewing it simply, one would think that the answer is yes.
Because if we define sexual objectification as seeing people as no more than the sum of their parts and what those parts can do for us sexually, then yes, of course women can objectify men.
After all, there are women out there who “use” men for sex with little regard to their feelings, personalities, or desires, just as men do to women.
And this recent ad from Kraft is just one example of a new trend in advertising known as “hunkvertising.”
Obviously these men — the ones being used for sex and the ones laid out in all their naked glory for the viewing pleasure of us ladies — are being objectified, right?
Unfortunately, it’s not as simple as that.
The Difference Between Sexual Objectification and Sexual Desire
Sexual objectification and sexual desire are two different things.
Sexual desire and attraction is a normal and natural part of life. It involves two (or more) people stating their desire for one another and consenting to mutually agreed-upon sexual activity.
So in the case of someone “using” the other for consensual sex, it’s not true objectification because both parties have agreed (hopefully!) to engage in the act.
Sexual objectification, however, puts one person in the role of subject and the other person in the role of object. In heterosexual coupled relationships, these roles are usually assigned to the man and woman, respectively.
Sexual objectification requires that one person choose what they want sexually and the other person is required to perform to their standards.
And this kind of thinking permeates our culture so deeply that sometimes we don’t even recognize it.
To understand how objectification works, we have to start at the societal level.
Sexual Objectification as the Status Quo
The status quo of sexual objectification places the man as the subject and the woman as the object.
This idea has been so ingrained in society that it’s become part of our everyday culture. Sexual objectification is everywhere.
We see it in the form of everyday advertising — companies use scantily clad female models to sell their products (and we see this in both men’s and women’s magazines).
We see it on TV: Female characters (even powerful ones, like hospital administrator Dr. Lisa Cuddy on the show House, M.D.) wear low-cut shirts and tight clothing, while their male colleagues dress in normal business attire or loose clothing.
It even shows up in our everyday actions, like when we tell girls in schools to dress a certain way to avoid “distracting” their male peers.
So even though male objectification occasionally occurs (usually in the form of advertising), we can’t forget the context within which this operates.
Often, male objectification is done in the form of tongue-in-cheek references to ads that have objectified women for centuries.
And even if it’s a man being objectified in an ad, he is usually shown in full form with complete awareness of his presence, unlike women who are often shown with heads missing or from the back, effectively dehumanizing them.
Objectified men in ads seem to be saying, “Come hither; look what I can give you,” while objectified women seem to be saying, “This is yours for the taking.”
Reverse Sexism?
Even if a man is objectified on occasion, it is not the same thing as living within its oppressive structure day in and day out.
It’s akin to white people saying that reverse racism exists: It just doesn’t — because white people have never experienced systematic, centuries-long oppression like people of color have.
And men haven’t experienced systematic, centuries-long objectification like women have.
Is it possible for men to feel affronted or even demeaned when women comment on their chiseled chest, six-pack abs, or large penis? Of course. Just like it’s possible for a white man to feel offended when a black woman calls him a cracker.
But those instances are not nearly as common, nor do they contribute to a larger system of oppression like sexism or racism. If we refer to those insults as oppressive, then we’re reducing system-wide, institutionalized objectification and racism to petty, interpersonal slights.
Or, as Jamie Utt says in his amazing article “’That’s Racist Against White People!’ A Discussion on Power and Privilege”:
“We need to recognize that not all hurtful words or deeds are equal when certain ones are backed by a history and current system of domination, violence, oppression, repression, dehumanization, and degradation.”
Sexual Objectification and Its Role Within Misogyny
Not only is sexual objectification part of the status quo, it also plays a role in the underlying current of misogyny that courses through our society.
Misogyny is defined in many dictionaries as the “hatred of women,” but it’s much more complex than that. It’s dehumanizing.
Misogyny denies that women have thoughts, feelings, and rights. It robs them of everything that makes us human.
And when we reduce women to the sum of her parts — that’s misogyny. We are effectively saying that her thoughts, feelings, and opinions don’t matter. All that matters is her body.
When we use her for sexual purposes only and cast her aside, we are dismissing her worth as a person.
This simply does not happen to men — at least, not at the same level. Because there’s no system of oppression in place for men like there is for women.
Again, that’s not to say that women can’t use men to satisfy their sexual needs only.
But it falls more under the realm of awkwardness and less under the umbrella of objectification and oppression.
***
So is it possible for women to objectify men?
Possibly — at the micro, interpersonal level.
But since sexual objectification is so intertwined within our culture and within misogyny, it would be a falsehood to say that it occurs against men at the same level that it does against women.
In the end, all arguing, “Hey, women objectify men, too!” does is distract from the real problem — deeply ingrained, misogynistic, sexual oppression against women.